A guide to the best Japanese festivals
Japan is a land of the rising sun, so as they say. It is also a land of diverse cultures and communities, bonded by a single sense of belonging and language. The country of Japan is also a beehive of activity and splendour. Its rich and ancient history is filled with tales of yore and valour. From this cauldron, Japanese holidays are born, which the natives celebrate with great fun and merriment. All world travellers are willing to participate in these festivals.
In this article, we will discuss the Japanese culture festivals and all the other celebrations that the country lights up with.
Let us then dive into the best Japanese Matsuri or Festivals, as they call it.
Before we start listing the festivals, it is pertinent to remember that no other country on the face of this planet has more Matsuris or festivals like Japan. Knowing that let’s begin our journey. Here is the best Japanese Culture festival from Tokyo.
The Kanda Matsuri
Kanda is one of the key districts in Tokyo, and Kanda Matsuri is one of the biggest Japanese culture festivals. It is celebrated every odd year alternating with another big Japanese culture festival, the Sanno Matsuri, and lasts for a week. The main parade occurs on Sunday, which is closest to the 15th of May. On that day, over 300 people march with 100 mikoshis.
This Shinto festival marks Tokugawa Ieyasu’s victory at the battle of Sekigahara and is primarily celebrated as a show of wealth. It is a spectacular Japanese summer festival with portable shrines, priests on horseback, and musicians all around. Japanese summer festivals generally revolve around prosperity and abundance, and this is no different.
Another popular Japanese summer festival is held on the third Sunday of May in the Asakusa district of Tokyo. This Japanese summer festival attracts almost 3 million visitors over three days and is as spectacular as they come. This festival honours the three founders of SensoJi temple, who are enshrined in the Asakusa shrine, located next door. The legend goes that the three founders found a statue of Boddhisatva Kannon in Tokyo’s Sumida River while on a fishing expedition in the 7th century. From then, they dedicated their lives to Buddhism. The Sanja Matsuri is also one of the best Japanese Food festivals, with plenty of Japanese cuisines.
This Japanese culture festival starts from the Kyoto imperial palace and ends at the Kamo Shrine, located in the North of the city of Kyoto. Participants dress in costumes harking back to the Heian Period. There are also riders on horseback and ox-drawn carriages. There are a lot of musicians, too, playing music reminiscent of the Heian Period. This celebration is said to have originated from the time Emperor Kinmei would deliver offerings to the Kamo Shrine to ward off natural disasters. Over some time, it transformed into a full-fledged celebration with immense fun and frolic, music, and parades.
It is amongst the best-known Japanese Summer festivals. It is also one of the best Japanese food festivals. It lasts the entire month of July and ends with a parade of huge floats, the Yamaboko Junko, on the 17th of July. The main festival takes place on the 17th of July and three evenings before it, though there are many activities that take place throughout the month. Yamaboko refers to the huge floats, which are many stories high and measure almost 25 meters and weigh as much as 12 tons. They carry the participants who are dressed in colourful outfits. These splendidly decorated floats have gorgeous lanterns and tapestries all over. There is a concurrent festival called the Byobu Matsuri, where most Kyoto residents open their entryways for the world to see their family heirlooms.
Japanese Doll Festivals
The Japanese Doll festivals are also some of the most popular matsuris in the country, the largest being the Hina Matsuri. It is celebrated for the well-being of young girls and usually occurs on the 3rd of March, every year. The Hina Matsuri dolls are said to be some of the most expensive ones, where the average cost is around 100000 to 200000 yens. They are said to be part of the family heirlooms of the Japanese and handed down from one generation to the other for upkeep and maintenance. The Japanese Doll festivals are amongst the most famous internationally known matsuris and attract many travellers worldwide.
Japanese Spring Festivals
The Japanese Spring festivals are also called the Haru Matsuri, and there is a long list of them. Some of the more famous of the Japanese Sprig Festivals are:
Omizutori – Nara, which is celebrated in March.
Hanami is celebrated all over Japan and happens between late March and April.
Kanamara Matsuri, which is celebrated in the city of Kawasaki in April.
The Kanda Matsuri, Aoi Matsuri, and Sanja Matsuri are celebrated in Tokyo during this period.
The Japanese Spring Festival is also called the Japanese Cherry Blossom Festival or Sakura, a celebration for the onset of spring.
Japanese Fall Festivals
The Japanese fall festivals are also called the Tsukimi or Otsukimi. It means “moon viewing” or Jugoya and is celebrated as an honour to Autumn or fall. These celebrations are a thanksgiving to mother nature for the bountiful harvest of rice. Pampas grass which resembles rice us used as decoration. Dango is used to resemble the moon and as an offering too. It is a snack that revellers love to consume during this period. The Japanese fall festivals are also some of the best known among Japanese food festivals. Some of the popular Japanese Fall festivals are:
• Kichijoji Autumn Festival
• Kishiwada Danjiri Matsuri
• Sapporo Autumn Fest
• Nagasaki Kunchi Festival
• Hachiman Matsuri
• Autumn Grand Festival
• Jidai Matsuri and Kurama Fire Festival
• Kamiari Festival
All these festivals are celebrated in September, October, and November.
Japanese Winter Festivals
Japanese winter festivals are also known as Japanese Snow festivals. Combined with gregarious festivities, food, and music, the Japanese winter festivals are some of the most visited by travellers from all over the world.
The Nozawa Matsuri festival
The Nozawa Onsen Dosojin Matsuri is the most popular of them all. The Nozawa is the biggest of all the Japanese winter festivals. With snowfall engulfing the entire performance area, the Nozawa, with its towering flames amidst the sea of white is an ideal Japanese snow festival. The usual date of the festivity is between January 13th and 15th. A shrine is built, and the local Kosuge shrine sends a priest to bless it. The celebration is a mark of respect to dosojin, a god who is known to protect travellers.
Zao Snow Monster Festival
One of the best Japanese snow festivals, the celebrations occur between the 31st of January and the 2nd of February. The snow monsters that we talk about are snow-covered landscapes and trees which take unusual shapes. They are impressive, nonetheless. On Saturday evening, thousands of skiers make way to the Uenodai slope during the festivities, carrying red torches while sliding and jumping through the air. There are a lot of mascots too, who follow the skiers. The Zao snow festival is also among the famous Japanese fireworks festival because of the fireworks display marking the end of the festival.
Most of the festivals that have been mentioned here in the article are also some of the best Japanese firework festivals since they all have impressive firework displays, marking either the beginning or the end of festivities.
The Iwate Snow festival
The Iwate snow festival is another popular Japanese snow festival that is celebrated between the 7th and 11th of February. Tohoku’s biggest snow festival is popular because of the food stalls that sell the local cuisine. There are plenty of fireworks too, coupled with music and unlimited fun and frolic. Travellers can always book a local guesthouse and return after the festival is over. This festival is also famous for the snow sculptors, sculpted by almost 4000 residents. There are snow domes and snow trains to view too. They are breathtaking and most Instagram-worthy.
Japanese Fireworks Festivals
While every Japanese culture festival is known for its firework, there are some exclusive firework festivals. Some of the best-known Japanese Fireworks festivals are:
Sumida River Firework Festival
This festival is celebrated in Tokyo on the last Saturday of July, starting from 7 pm and lasting for a full 90 minutes.
Edogawa Fireworks festival
On the riverbanks of the Edogawa, this Japanese fireworks festival is one of the most popular ones in the country. This is also held in Tokyo on the first Saturday of August.
Naniwa Yodo River fireworks festival
On the riverbanks of Yodo River, a well-known river in Osaka, this festival takes place on the second Saturday of August. The breathtaking Osaka skyline can be captured beneath the dazzling firework.
Devraj Lahiri is a resident of Kolkata, India. He is an IT Entrepreneur by profession but a writer, traveller and a photographer by vocation. Besides, he is a gastronome who indulges in eating the myriad variety of delicacies while the universe keeps tempting him. His favourite leisure activity is walking around his hometown. The city of Kolkata is his muse, and he wishes never to leave it except for the short trips for travel inspiration.