Vusala Senem MikailVusala Senem Mikail 16 JANUARY 2020 662 views 3 min. read

Do bridges connect or separate?

662 views 3 min. read
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Love is to build bridges, not to build walls. Though the walls, once constructed to separate people, have been demolished, the merging function of the bridges protects them from this danger. It can even become the voice of a great nation as the Khudafarin bridge.

Yes, this time, our topic is the bridges, and I want to write about the world's longest and shortest bridges. The longest bridge in the world today is in China. The Danyang–Kunshan Grand Bridge is 164.8 km long. The bridge is part of the Beijing-Shanghai express railway line. The second part of the bridge Langfang-Qingxian is 114 km and is the second-longest bridge in the world.

The world's longest sea bridge is also in China. The longest part of the bridge, consisting of three bridges and a tunnel, reaches 55 km. The construction of the Hong Kong-Macau-Zhuhai Bridge took eight years. Chinese President Xi Jinping made the opening of the bridge in 2018. Of course, the political aspects should not be overlooked here. As Hong Kong is a particular management area, China wants to show its "love" for the place by building the bridge and symbolically linking it to China. The Hong Kong-Macao-Zhuhai Bridge reduced a 3-hour road to 30 minutes. To use the bridge, you need to register in advance and pay $21. 7 km of the bridge passes underwater. $10 billion was spent on the construction of the bridge and was used 400,000 tons of steel. An artificial island was created over the sea for its construction.

Do not be surprised by the fact that the world's longest glass bridge, Hongyagu, is in China as well. The bridge, built in the city of Shijiazhuang in Hebei Province, near Beijing, connects two bridges. The length of the Hongyagu Bridge is 488 meters. The bridge at the height of 218 m gives full of exciting moments for everyone. The bridge project, opened in December 2017, belongs to a private tourism company. The bridge is 4 meters wide. 1077 glass panels with 4 cm thickness were used for the construction. Visitors are provided with a shoe glove to prevent damage to the glass. The bridge can hold up to 2,000 visitors at the same time. However, for security reasons, attention is paid to not exceeding 500 visitors. Special rescue brigades are also ready to help at any moment.

In general, there are many glass bridges in China. These bridges, which open a mysterious view for the tourists, give everyone adrenaline and frustration because of their height. Such bridges are mainly selected for special events, weddings, and fashion shows. The glass bridge built in the mountains of Zhangjiajie, which inspired the creators of the Avatar film, attracts tourists not with the length, but with a magnificent view.

The world's longest suspended bridge is in Japan. The Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge crosses the Akashi Strait and links the city of Kobe and the Awaji Island in Hyogo Prefecture. The bridge, with a total length of 3911m, was built in 10 years and was commissioned in 1998. The longest walkway bridge in the world is located in Switzerland. The 494-meter-long Europabrüke (European Bridge) is at 85-meter high at Grabengufer crossing, near the town of Swiss in the province of Zermatt.

When you look at where the shortest bridge in the world is, you can see that it is famous not for its shortness. Thus, the bridge is known for its international status. Earlier, this status was attributed to the bridge in the Lawrence River linking area between Canada and America. The 8-meter-long bridge on Zavikon Island, located between New York and Ontario, is on the border. In contrast to other islands in the Thousand Islands archipelago, a bridge was built only on Zavikon Island, during the border treaty between Canada and the USA. The reason is that a person's house was in the Canadian part and the yard in the American section.

Now, this status is on another bridge. The 3.2-meter-long bridge in the border between Spain and Portugal has been called the shortest bridge in the world, according to the European Union. The shortest bridge, built in 2008s, links the village of Varzea Grande in the Alentejo region of Portugal with the town of El Marco in Spain's Extremadura.

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Vusala Senem Mikail Journalist

Vusala was engaged in pedagogical activities for a while. Music inspires her to read classic and autobiographical books, to travel, to constantly improve herself. She is interested in paintings by Rob Gonzalves and Salvador Dali. She makes the steps on the way to becoming a writer, researcher-journalist, blogger.

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