Tea Culture Around The World
According to the UN, 6 billion cups of tea are consumed worldwide every day. Although tea is generally lost to the beer in the 'most drinkable' nomination, it is popular after water. Everybody has heard or made up some myths about the history of the tea, but in some parts of the world, no matter where it originated, tea has been nationalized and even used in spirituals.
Camellia sinensis is the Latin name of a tea plant; the yellow, green, black and Chinese tea is obtained by drying the leaves of this plant. These species, which differ according to their taste, undergo different processes from plantation to sale. For example, the Oolong tea, the structure of which is different from the others and means “black dragon” in Chinese, is formed by sun-dried leaves of the Sinensis plant and oxidation before folded. Oxidation is a natural process that is done to reduce the harmful elements of fresh green tea and give it a color and taste. Green tea is generally not actively oxidized, so it has a more “grass-like” and astringent taste. On the other hand, the most common type of tea in the world - black tea, has a rich, dark and fruity taste.
The tea first appeared as a medical drink in China 5000 years ago. Travelers from the Mediterranean then transported it west from China, and the British only got familiar with this drink in the 17th century. Then, in order to put an end to the Chinese monopoly over the tea, they planted giant plantations in their colonies in India, and the tea suddenly began to sink from the east to the west and become a habit on the table. The first legends of tea relate more to the clergymen of noble and upper strata of society dominating in China. For example, one of the fascinating legends says that a Buddhist monk who has been praying day and night for nine years in front of the wall suddenly fell asleep; when he woke up, he got angry with himself and cut his eyelids. Yes, as you might have guessed, the eyelids of the former clergyman uprooted and turned into a tea. In another legend is about a plant that grows due to the tears of the girl who lost her beloved. There is no place for legends in today's fast-paced lifestyle, but tea that is soothing and has a good effect on the body is a favorite drink. In cultures that are more accustomed to coffee, tea is more commonly associated with several countries - China, India, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and Thailand. In fact, all the teas come from one or two plant families; the reason for its association with any country is simply because of tea service, supplements and drinking habits. The Chinese variety is called Sinensis, which is considered “small leaf” tea; while the Indians use Assamica, which is regarded as “large leaf.” Large tea exporters prefer Sinensis, as Assamica is more rapidly degraded. The difference between them depends on how they are processed; Indian tea is generally stronger. Indians love abundant spices in their tea as well as in their kitchens, so they add ginger, nutmeg, cinnamon, pepper, cardamom, and cloves. Tea should always be offered to the guest first. '' Chaiwalla '' is a name given to local tea sellers on the streets or in small kiosks in India.
Japanese tea Matcha is probably one of the most distinctive teas. This species has been prepared the same way for 900 years - green tea is torn when it is still young, dried and dusted with special blenders. As the matcha is welcomed in the cafes and restaurants in the metropolis of the West which have severe ’customization’’ in menus today, this tea is offered very often. This tea is very hard for texture.
Another of Millennials' favorite tea is the boba (bubble) tea from Taiwan. This drink is made by adding boba balls to a mixture of black tea and milk; boba is made from a mixture of water and sugar of starch called tapioca derived from the roots of a plant called manioc or cassava. In the West, by adding the different colors to the boba balls, they make visual plays with the drink.
The other famous tea-lover nation that adds milk to the tea is the British; it is considered a “tea hour” in England at 3-4 pm and mixing tea with milk with portion 80/20 they serve it with sandwiches or cookies. The British also drink tea in china cups so that the taste does not change.
To make the end of the writing beautiful, it is best to talk about the Moroccan tea philosophy at last. Berber whiskey or Touareg is neither an alcoholic nor a car brand. It is Moroccan tea with abundant mint and sugar, served up to 3 times. Moroccans drink tea in a handleless glass and pour it, raising the teapot higher and higher above the glass improve its taste and make it increasingly cold to drink. These teapots with small mint leaves contain up to 3 cups of tea, and each cup has its own philosophical meaning. The first served glass of tea will be “as long as life”, the second “as strong as love” and the last will be “as bitter as death”. This tea philosophy, colorful in Morocco's orientation values, has to do with the taste of the fermented flavor over time: these 3 cups of tea are wise, sweet and sad as life - all from the same teapot!