The 10 largest metro systems in the world
Metro is at the top of one of the most commonly used types of transport in the world daily. Every day, we prefer the metro several times, when we go to school, hurry to work and most importantly try to get rid of traffic jams. It maintains its popularity and leadership among all other types of transportation, with its comfort and, most importantly, speed. Do you ever wonder what are the largest, longest, fastest metro systems with most stations in the world, and in which countries are they? There are many large metro systems in different parts of the world. However, I have always been interested in the metro system of the largest countries. Thus, we will answer all these questions as we look at the ten most extensive metro systems in the world.
10. Delhi Metro - India
Our list starts with the Delhi Metro in India. Despite being regarded as one of the new metros since it was opened in 2002, it has been ranked tenth on the list of the world's largest metro station. Although there are 285 stations in total, we should not forget that transfer stations are counted more than one. If 24 transfer stations are counted only once, then there will be 229 stations in total. The annual ridership of Delhi Metro, which has a total length of 389 km and is the eighth longest metro system in the world, was more than 900 million according to 2018 statistics.
Interestingly, we can say that the United Nations approved the Delhi Metro Railway Corporation in 2011 as the first metro system to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the city by reducing carbon emissions. It is not surprising that the country, with a population of over 1 billion people, has taken such initiatives, taking into account the high number of subway use, and has taken severe measures to protect the air.
9. Moscow Metro - Russia
One of the neighboring countries, Russia. The Moscow Metro has 236 stations, including six stations in the Moscow Monorail and 31 stations in the Moscow Central Circle. Its route length is 397.3 km making it the fifth-longest in the world. It is 456km long, if including the Moscow Monorail and the Moscow Central Circle. According to the 2018 statistics, the ridership of Moscow Metro, launched in 1935, was over 2 billion during a year; thus, ranked in the sixth in the world.
It is worth to note that one of the stations, "Park Pobedy," is the third deepest metro station in the world with a depth of 84 meters.
8. Guangzhou Metro - China
The metro, launched in 1997, has been ranked eighth in the world with 257 stations, despite serving China's southern population for only 22 years. The daily ridership of the third-longest metro system with 478 km route length is about 8 million times. It has reached its peak by 10.62 million ridership a day on June 6, this year. Overall, it was announced as the third metro system with ridership over 3 billion during 2018.
7. London Underground - United Kingdom
The London Underground is the oldest underground in the world, which began operating in the 1890s. Interestingly, although it is named the underground, only 45% of the subway system is underground. It is the seventh-largest in the world, with 270 stations and the fourth-longest in the world with a length of 402 km. Daily ridership is over 5 million, and annual is more than 1 billion, as per statistics. This underground, which has been operating for more than 156 years, also has the nickname "The Tube."
6. Madrid Metro - Spain
The Madrid metro system, which celebrated its 100th anniversary on October 17, was ranked sixth in our list with 302 stations. The total length is 293 km. It is the least used metro system in our list, with more than 600 million annual ridership in 2018.
Interestingly, the Madrid metro system has as many escalators as it has ever been anywhere else in the world. It has a total of 1705 escalators and 529 elevators.
5. Paris Metro – France
The Paris Metro, which was founded in 1900, precisely ten years after the London Underground, is known as the fifth oldest subway system in the world. It also ranks fifth in the list, with 302 stations, same as the Madrid metro. Nevertheless, we can even say that there are 303 stations, as the Montmartre funicular operates under the name "Funikulaire" as the 303rd "fake" station and is part of the metro system. It is daily ridership is over 4 million and over 1 billion annually.
4. Seoul Metro - South Korea
In the following places, there will be only Asia on our list. The Seoul metro, opened in 1974, consists of 315 stations. It is the ninth in the world, with a total route length of 340.4 km. It is known as one of the busiest metros in the world, with more than 1.9 billion annual ridership. There is a plan for new metro stations and lines that will be opened by 2024.
3. Beijing Subway - China
Although many articles say that there are 394 metro stations, 60 of them are transfer stations, and this number is double-counted. There are 331 stations in the Beijing subway. The subway system, first launched in 1969, celebrated its 50th anniversary on October 1 this year. The total route length is 678.2 km, but it is considered 669.4 km without the Xijiao line. Therefore, the Beijing subway is the second longest metro system in the world. Its daily ridership is more than 10 million, but on July 12 this year, it was more than 13 million and, thus, broke a record. However, it was not content with the high performance; it ranked first busiest metro system in the world with over 3.8 billion ridership annually. Nevertheless, I think it is not surprising that the capital city, with a population of over 21 million, has this figure and is in the top three in all three categories.
2. Shanghai Metro - China
Not surprisingly, China, the world's most populous country, has the first three places in this list. The Shanghai Metro, which was first launched in 1993, is the second-largest metro in the world for 345 stations and, the longest with a total length of 676 km. With a tiny difference, i.e., with over 3.7 billion ridership annually, it is the busiest metro in the world after the Beijing Subway. It has the same value as the Beijing subway, with more than 10 million ridership in a day and 13 million records performance. As you can see, the dominance of the Chinese subway systems in all three categories speaks for itself.
1. New York City Subway - United States
Finally, we came to the New York City Subway, which is the leader in our list. The New York City Subway opened in 1904 and is considered the eighth oldest subway, is the world's most extensive metro system with 424 stations, leaving behind the second place with a significant difference. We can say that there are 472 stations if to count the transfer stations. 470 of these 472 stations operate 24 hours a day all year long. It is planned to give another 14 new stations into operation.
The first demonstration of the underground transit system in New York City was given by American inventor Alfred Ely Beach in 1869. Its construction began in 1900, and it was put into operation for the people of New York City in 1904. With a length of 394 km, it is the sixth-longest in the world, the ninth most busy subway system with an annual ridership of 1.6 million.
Bonus: I would like to tell briefly about the Baku Metro, used by many of us daily, though not in the list. The Baku Metro, consisting of 25 stations and three lines, was first opened in 1967 and has served the population of Baku for 52 years. The total length is 36.6 km. According to the 2018 statistics, its ridership is 231 million a year and 600,000 times a day. According to plans, the number of stations will be increased to 76, and the length of the metro route is expected to be 119.1 km.