She was called the Queen of the Arcs. The Iraqi-born Zaha Hadid created neo-futuristic architectural samples, was able to develop original architectural designs in her projects by opposing the principle of wholeness in the designs and destroying traditional architectural stereotypes. While speaking of Zaha Hadid and architecture, sharp-edged, deconstructive, and new structures dominated by metal structures, free from accustomed geometric figures, come to mind. It would not be right to refer her projects to a particular style. Creative combinations of several styles provide striking examples of architecture. These examples of craftsmanship, which are the product of her imagination, appeal to the future. Hadid's works were constructed in many countries around the world. Here are the ten most inspiring examples of her works.
The view of the 40-story hotel, officially opened on June 15, 2018, in Macau, is quite attractive. The building is rated as "the world's first free-form high-rise exoskeleton." Due to the geometric networks decorating the facade, a more aesthetic interior is created without the need for interior walls and columns. Gaps in the rectangular hotel add a unique individuality. The hotel, which is part of Dream City Macau, has 750 rooms, suites, spa centers, restaurants, and showrooms.
The Galaxy Soho is the Business Center, was built in 2009-2012 in Beijing, China. The complex consists of four main domed structures fused by bridges. Zaha Hadid's most significant source of inspiration has always been nature. This design also features avant-garde creativity inspired by a traditional Chinese courtyard. There are entertainment venues, offices, restaurants, and famous brand boutiques in the Center.
One of Zaha Hadid's architectural examples is in Scotland. On the bank of the Clyde River, the Riverside Museum of Transport pleases the eyes with an awe-inspiring view. The facade of a zigzag-shaped roof is completely covered with glass panels. The roof and sidewalls of the 36-meter-high structure are made of zinc panels. More than 3000 exhibits are on display in the museum. All kinds of retro cars and locomotives are introduced to visitors. Waving view from the sky creates a whole landscape pattern, uniting with the Clyde River. One of the main advantages of Zaha Hadid's projects is their adaptation to their existing locations. This example is loyal to the same style.
Heydar Aliyev Center
It is gratifying that we can see Zaha Hadid's magic touch in our Baku, without going too far. Construction of the Center was completed in 2012. Hadid remained true to her creativity in this project, leaving the sharp geometric shapes and designed the building in a wavy form as a symbol of endlessness. The Heydar Aliyev Center combines futuristic and postmodernist elements. The synthesis of the dynamic structure with white symbolizes the bright future. Zaha Hadid was awarded the Designer of the Year in 2014 for the design of the Center in 15.93-hectare Center.
The Winton Gallery
Among the construction goals of a gallery in London is to display the role of mathematics in human life. There is Handley Page, a 1929 production, hanging from the ceiling in the Center of the gallery. The airflow concept is used in the design of the magnificent building, and the three-dimensional curves surround the aircraft as the airflow. The combination of these white color curves with purple lights makes them even more noticeable. There are over 100 exhibits in science, engineering, technology, and math in the gallery. The importance of the mathematical knowledge that is changing and influencing the world in all fields is displayed here. The introduction of the scientific achievements over the past 400 years in Zaha Hadid's design can be considered as the mathematical embodiment of aesthetics.
Beijing Daxing Airport
Although Iraqi-born Zaha Hadid died in 2016, her projects are still under construction. There was the opening ceremony of the world's largest international airport designed by Zaha Hadid, on the 70th anniversary of China on September 25, 2019. The airport with an area of 27 km2 or 98 football pitches can accommodate 268 aircraft. It will also operate as the largest terminal. The annual passenger capacity is projected to be 72 million by 2025. New generation technologies are used in the airport. The magnificent project, with radio frequencies, facial recognition systems, and a particular train line that combines the airport with the city center, is built in the form of a five-lane building. It is possible to see the harmony of wavy and curly elements, instead of the sharp lines.
The music salon, opened in 2009 as part of the Manchester Art Gallery, has a beautiful look. The gallery scene extends from the ceiling of the stage in the form of snakes or gymnast ribbon curls. At the same time, these curves provide better quality acoustic capabilities. The use of lycra material cut into large panels is regarded as a creative design solution. This elastic image relieves the heavy burden of classical music aesthetically.
Dongdaemun Design Plaza
Dongdaeum's Plaza, Seoul, which has excellent functionality with a specific design solution, is built in a neo-futuristic style. The Center, covered with 45,000 aluminum panels, hosts fashion shows, and exhibitions. There are also libraries and business centers here. The 30,000m2 parking area demonstrates the traditional Korean gardening design. Layers, stretching horizontally and vertically, provide a breathtaking description of the ever-changing aspects of nature. Today, the plaza is a symbol of Korean youth. The building, equipped with environmentally friendly and energy-efficient geothermal facilities, is known as the first architectural example of the country, incorporating the latest technological and innovative engineering achievements, both in terms of interior and exterior.
Serpentine Sackler Gallery
Another architectural example in London is presented as a synthesis of history and modernism. The two parts, i.e., a classical 19th-century brick structure and the part designed by Hadid, are combined professionally. The architect has designed the curves covering the 200-year-old Gunpowder Store using fibrous materials in the form of a free-flowing coating. Hadid's earlier project, the MAXXI 21st Century Museum of Art, which combines history with modernity in Rome, was met with interest, and the gallery is in the spotlight as a continuation of this trend. The modern section with 5-steel columns is designed for cafes and events. As in other projects, a large part of the facade is covered with glass panels to increase the use of natural light effects.
Guangzhou Opera House
The Opera House, with 1800-seat located near dual financial towers in downtown Guangzhou, China, is equipped with the latest acoustic innovations. Another 400-seat hall is for exhibitions. The design of the building was inspired by natural shapes: forms that emerged during erosion and geological impacts. Wavy shapes define interconnected boundaries within the building. Fluctuating waves rescue the building from the chaotic landscape. The molded glass and fiber-reinforced plaster sections, as well as concrete slabs, were used in the construction. The appearance of the Opera House is interpreted as "an architectural example combining traditional values, optimism, and ambitions." Also known as the Double Pebble project.
Of course, this list can be extended further with other architectural examples of Zaha Hadid, both built and not yet delivered. The London Watersports Center, Sheikh Zayed Bridge in the UAE, the Dominion Office in Russia, the Hong Kong Innovation Tower, and several projects in Austria, Spain, Italy, France, Germany, and the United States. Projects for brands like Chanel, Roco, BMW, and Beko, as well as installations in various locations, can be added to the list as well. The woman who adorns the world will undoubtedly remain in the limelight for many years as the Queen of architecture with these magnificent designs.